NF-kB Transcription Factor: A Model for the Study of Transcription Regulation in Memory Consolidation, Reconsolidation and Extinction
Pp. 97-112 (16)
Some decades ago it was postulated that gene expression regulation is required for long-term memory
storage. In the last years, important progress has been made towards the characterization of these mechanisms of
transcription. Among them, transcription factors play a key role. This chapter describes the characteristics and the
role of one of these transcription factors, NF-κB, in the different phases of memory formation and processing. In
more than a decade of research since the first data on the role of NF-κB in neuronal plasticity and memory, a
growing body of evidence supports that this transcription factor is involved not only in the formation of the initial
long-term memory traces but in the re-stabilization after memory reactivation induced by retrieval. Additionally,
the role of NF-κB in the formation of memory extinction is now under study. Extinction entails a temporary
inhibition of memory expression and entails a new memory process. Recent data support the inhibition of NF-κB
in the formation of memory extinction. Here I propose the use of this transcription factor, together with other
neuroplasticity-associated molecular mechanisms, as important tools for understanding the dynamics of the
different phases of information processing as well as the determination of brain areas involved in such processes.
Long-term memory, consolidation, reconsolidation, extinction, gene expression, transcription factors,
NF-kB, IKK, kB decoy, sulfasalazine.
Laboratorio de Neurobiologia de la Memoria, Departamento de Fisiologia, Biologia Molecular y Celular. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, IFIBYNE-CONICET, Ciudad Universitaria, Pab. II, 2do Piso (1428) Buenos Aires. Argentina.