New Laboratory Techniques for the Diagnosis of Tuberculosis
Pp. 65-81 (17)
Theolis Barbosa and Paulo R.Z. Antas
New diagnostic tools for active and latent tuberculosis have been proposed in the last
decades, but real progress in disease management is still lacking. Many recent reviews have addressed
the subject, with special interest in comparing the performance of the different methods. In this chapter,
some of the new strategies that are currently in the market will be discussed. Presented will be the
principles underlying those strategies, and stress their present value in the diagnosis of pediatric
tuberculosis disease. Combining methods maybe necessary to address the diagnosis of tuberculosis in
its multiplicity of forms, while the testing of different combinations might yield promising diagnostic
trees that could be used with the necessary accuracy and reproducibility in the field.
Tuberculosis Control, Early Diagnosis, Treatment Decision, Children.
Laboratorio Integrado de Microbiologia e Imunoregulacao, Centro de Pesquisa Goncalo Moniz, Fiocruz, Rua Waldemar Falcao, # 121, Candeal; zip: 40296-710, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil.