Background: Nanoparticulate systems like nanospheres, nanocrystals, and nanofluids show immense advancement in fields of nanoelectronic and agriculture. Nanobulges are duplexed nanoparticles comprising interaction of two nanoparticles for the formation of a curved bulge on the surface of the nanoparticle.
Objective: This review focuses on properties, mechanism of action, methods of preparation and applications of nanobulges in optoelectronic devices and controlled release of fertilizers.
Methods: Mostly pulsed laser deposition and multilayered palladium-catalysts fabrication with nanobulges structure are used to prepare nanobulges.
Results: Nanobulges are advantageous over the conventional nanoparticles due to their high electrical density, improved catalytic drug loading and good electronic conductivity.
Conclusion: In the near future, nanobulges will emerge as a promising material for commercial preparation of bioanalytical sensors and microfluidic systems.