Malnutrition is highly prevalent in hospitalized children and it is associated with severe
morbidity and mortality outcomes. In addition malnutrition increases the duration of hospitalization
and hospital costs. Therefore, to prevent malnutrition several nutritional screening tools have been
developed for hospitalized children in the last years. There are seven screening tools available in the
literature. It is essential that the screening tools should be valid and reliable. Beside this, it is important
that screening tools should be simple and take less time. Currently, there is no standardized
nutritional screening tool for pediatric inpatients like adult inpatients. Tools should be revised and reevaluated
using anthropometric measurements, according to the WHO growth charts. Besides, the
accuracy of screening tools may improve if they are standardized for certain diseases (cancer, kidney
failure etc.), certain states (intensive care unit patients) or age groups.
Keywords: Accuracy, children, malnutrition, morbidity, nutrition screening tools, pediatric populations.
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