Background: Pollution in water is of concern because of its negative influence on human health and impact in ecosystems. Three-dimensional (3D) structures in the form of inverse opals and opals-like structures were constructed on a scale of millimeters for their use in the adsorption of heavy metals adsorption on manganese oxide-covered surfaces.
Hypothesis/Objective: Manganese oxides both, as commercial powders and as synthesized coatings by the chemical bath method, have high capacity of lead ions adsorption. The inverse opals and opals-like structures increases the contact area and regulates the flux.
Methods: The chemical bath method was used to coating surfaces of inverse opals and opals-like structures. The size of structures was proposed in millimeters to guarantee an easier flow of water.
Results: The manganese oxide deposits were predominantly constituted by an amorphous phase. The present crystalline forms were identified as γ - MnO2, ε- MnO2, Birnessite, and pyrolusite. The best adsorption was obtained with Mn(II, III) and Mn(II), with 91.4 % and 80.6 %, respectively.
Conclusion: Mn(II, III) and Mn(II) had approximately three times better performance than oxides of Mn(III), Mn(IV), and chemical bath deposited MnO2 in powder form in the lead adsorption.