Detection of Cold Stress in Plants using Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging (FLIM)

(E-pub Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Owen Peng, Walter Akers, Mikhail Y. Berezin*.

Journal Name: Current Analytical Chemistry

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Abstract:

Background: Cold Stress Injury To Plants Is A Highly Complex Process And A Significant Cost To Agricultural Food Production. This Stress Adversely Affects The Metabolism, Growth And Productivity Of Plants. Timely Visualization Of The Plants’ Cold Stress Is Important For Identification The Injury To The Plants And For Predicting A Plant's Survival. While There Is A Developed Understanding Of Physiology And Biology Associated With This Condition, Early Detection And Assessment Of The Injury Remains Difficult. A Rapid, Remote Method For Quantitatively Measuring Cold Stress In Situ Will Aid Producers In Selecting Cold-Tolerant Plants For Breeding And For Identifying Appropriate Remedies.

Methods: Standard Methods Such As Electrolyte Leakage Assays Correctly And Quantitatively Evaluate The Damage. However, These Methods Are Laborious And Costly, Not Applicable For Non-Invasive High-Throughput Screening Of Plants In The Field. To Address This Problem, We Have Evaluated A New Sensitive Method Based On The Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging (Flim) That Can Be Used For Injury Assessment.

Results: Standard Methods Such As Electrolyte Leakage Assays Correctly And Quantitatively Evaluate The Damage. However, These Methods Are Laborious And Costly, Not Applicable For Non-Invasive High-Throughput Screening Of Plants In The Field. To Address This Problem, We Have Evaluated A New Sensitive Method Based On The Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging (Flim) That Can Be Used For Injury Assessment. We Have Demonstrated That The Fluorescence Lifetime Of Chlorophyll’s Autofluorescence In Intact Leaves From Periwinkle (Vinca Minor) Plants Is Correlated With The Degree Of Injury. Nonlinear Regression Identifies The Long-Lifetime Component Of The Fluorescence Decay, Showing A High Sensitivity For Detecting Injury Mere Minutes After Plant Exposure To -20oc, While No Gross Visual Differences Could Be Distinguished. Moreover, Conventional Color Imaging, Reflection, Or And Steady-State Fluorescence Intensity Showed Lower Sensitivity In Detecting Cold Stress.

Conclusion: FLIM Was Shown To Be More Sensitive Than Visual Or Camera-Based Inspection And Can Be Potentially Used For Rapid And Remote Monitoring The Health Of Individual Plants And Crops In The Field And Will Aid In Selection Of Cold-Tolerant Crop Variants.

Keywords: Fluorescence Lifetime, FLIM, Plants, Spectroscopy Of Plants, Cold Stress, Reflection Of Plants

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Article Details

(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/1573411016666191230145030
Price: $95