miRNAs Signatures In Patients With Acute Liver Injury: Clinical Concerns and Correlations

Author(s): Hitarthi S. Vyas, Kapil K. Upadhyay, Ranjitsinh V. Devkar*.

Journal Name: Current Molecular Medicine

Volume 20 , Issue 5 , 2020

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Non-coding RNAs can be highly exploited for their biological significance in living systems. miRNAs are in the upstream position of cellular regulation cascade and hold merit in its state. A plethora of information is available on a wide variety of miRNAs that undergo alterations in experimentally induced models of liver injuries. The underlying mechanisms governed by these miRNAs have been inferred through cellbased experiments but the scientific knowledge on miRNA signatures in patients with liver injury are primordial and lack scientific clarity. Hence, it is crucial to get insight into the status and synergy of miRNAs in patients, with varying degrees of acute toxic manifestations in the liver. Though some miRNAs are being investigated in clinical trials, a major research lacuna exists with regard to the functional role of other miRNAs in liver diseases. This review article is a meticulous compilation of disease based or drug/alcohol based acute liver injuries in patients and resultant alteration in their miRNA profile. Investigative reports on underlying miRNA-liver crosstalk in cell-based or murine models are also discussed herein to draw a correlation with clinical findings.

Keywords: microRNAs, acute liver injury, patients, biomarker, cirrhosis.

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Article Details

Year: 2020
Page: [325 - 335]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1566524020666191211153546
Price: $95

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