Background: Curcumin has been used as a traditional medicine showing antiinflammatory,
antimicrobial, and antiviral properties. Despite the promising potentials,
curcumin-based drug development is hindered due to its poor solubility and cell uptake.
Objective: This study aims to produce curcumin nanoemulsion (nanocurcumin) and evaluate
its physical characteristics and in vitro cell cytotoxicity and antiviral activity against
dengue virus (DENV).
Methods: Nanocurcumin was generated by self-nanoemulsion technique. Cytotoxicity was
determined using MTT assay in A549 cell line. Anti-DENV properties were determined by
calculation of inhibitory concentration 50 (IC50) and plaque assay.
Results: The resulting nanoemulsion showed uniform droplet size distribution with the average
droplet size of 40.85 ± 0.919 nm. Nanocurcumin exhibited higher cell cytotoxicity
compared to curcumin solution and may be explained by better cell uptake. Nanocurcumin
treatment suppressed DENV growth, although no significant difference observed compared
to the curcumin solution counterpart. Greater virus reduction was observed for DENV-1
Conclusion: The synthesis of nanocurcumin improved curcumin physicochemical properties
with potential as antiviral against DENV.