Background: The magnetic nanocomposites are very important as a reusable sorbents for the extraction of Cd(II) and other toxic metals from water samples.
Methods: The Ag/MgO@Fe3O4 nanocomposite was synthesized by the coprecipitation method and characterized by the XRD, EDX, SEM, UV-vis spectroscopy and FTIR. This nanocomposite was used to extract Cd(II) from water samples prior to its quantitative analysis with FAAS. Different variables, i.e. pH, temperature, amount of nanosorbent, adsorption/desorption and dilution were optimized.
Results: The method was successfully applied to determine Cd(II) in real water samples excellent recoveries (98%). The present method has lower detection (0.29) and quantification limit (0.97 ng mL-1).
Conclusions: The Ag/MgO@Fe3O4 nanocomposite based magnetic extraction is a simple, fast, reproducible, less expansive and efficient technique for the Cd(II) extraction in water samples. The developed sorbent can be recycled and reused (20 times).