The effect of Endovascular Aneurysm Repair on Renal Function in Patients Treated for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

Author(s): Petroula Nana*, George Kouvelos, Alexandros Brotis, Konstantinos Spanos, Athanasios Giannoukas, Miltiadis Matsagkas.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 25 , Issue 44 , 2019

Abstract:

Aim: The effect of endovascular aneurysm repair in patients treated for abdominal aortic aneurysm has not been clearly defined. The objective of the present article was to provide a contemporary literature review and perform an analysis to determine the effect of EVAR on renal function in the early post-operative period and during follow-up.

Methods: A systematic review of the literature was undertaken to identify all studies reporting the effect of EVAR on renal function. Outcome data were pooled and combined overall effect sizes were calculated using fixed or random-effects models.

Results: Thirty-two studies reporting on 24846 patients were included. Acute renal failure after EVAR occurred with an estimated frequency of 9% (95%CI: 5-16%; I2=97%). Median follow-up period was 19.5 months (range 1-60 months). The estimated frequency of chronic renal failure during follow-up was 7% (95%CI: 3-17%; I2=98%). Hemodialysis was required in 2% (1-3%; I2=97%) of the cases.

Conclusion: High-level evidence demonstrating the effect of EVAR on the incidence of acute and chronic renal failure is lacking. Based on the current available data, nearly 10% of patients undergoing EVAR for AAA have an increased risk for renal dysfunction after the procedure. Whether this deterioration may lead to a worse outcome has not been adequately proved.

Keywords: Abdominal aortic aneurysm, endovascular aneurysm repair, renal function, renal outcome, renal impairment, systematic review.

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VOLUME: 25
ISSUE: 44
Year: 2019
Page: [4675 - 4685]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1381612825666191129094923
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