Background: Optical properties of citrate capped dodecahedral gold nanoparticles have immense application in a large variety of fields. Interband transition has role in determining the optical behaviour of gold nanoparticles. For long interband transition in citrate capped colloidal gold nanoparticles in the size range above ~5 nm has been left unattended.
Objective: The present work is aimed at studying interband transition in citrate capped colloidal gold nanoparticles of size between ~5 nm and several tens of nanometres.
Method: Turkevich method and modified Brust method are used to prepare citrate capped colloidal gold nanoparticles. Transmission electron microscopy used to determine their size and shape and their formation is explained with simulated figure obtained by gnuplot programming. Interband transition is studied with the help of UV-Visible absorption spectroscopy.
Results: Dodecahedral citrate capped colloidal gold nanoparticles of mean diameters 31.5 nm, 12.87 nm and 4.69 nm with LSPR peak positions at 528 nm, 524 nm and 509 nm are prepared. Interband peak of nanoparticles of all the three sizes is located at about 260 nm.
Conclusion: Interband transition between Fermi level and 5d bands of larger density of states in citrate capped dodecahedral colloidal gold nanoparticles of size above ~5nm leads to absorbance peak at ~260 nm and indicating a gap of ~1.7 eV between the Fermi level and closely spaced 5d bands. For smaller nanoparticles, absorption due to interband transition becomes more prominent relative to surface plasmon resonance absorption.