Performance of High Molecular Weight Osmotic Solution for Opuntia Betacyanin Concentration by Forward Osmosis

(E-pub Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Ravichandran Rathna, Ekambaram Nakkeeran*.

Journal Name: Current Biotechnology

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Background: Forward osmosis is a sustainable membrane process employed for concentrating thermo-sensitive compounds to minimize storage and transportation costs with improved shelf life.

Objective: In this study, the intervention of high molecular weight osmotic agent on the concentration of Opuntia betacyanin using forward osmosis was studied. Further, the statistical model was used to estimate the probabilistic behavior of the forward osmosis process during concentration.

Method: By using 2k-full factor analysis, the hydrodynamic variables such as flow rate (50 and 150 mL/min) and temperature (20 and 50ºC) of feed solution and osmotic agent solution (OAS) were selected. The study focused to inquire and develop a statistically significant mathematical model using four independent variables on transmembrane flux, concentration factor and concentrate recovery.

Results: Betacyanin feed flow rate of 50 mL/min at 28ºC and OAS flow rate of 150 mL/min at 50ºC was determined as optimal conditions with a 2.5-fold increase in total soluble solids for 4 h processing time. Further, forward osmosis enhanced the betacyanin concentration from 898 to 1004 mg/L and 98.7% recovery with 0.40 L/m2h transmembrane flux with comparable improvement in its physicochemical characteristics. The lower p-value of main effects on the responses validates the superiority of process parameters on betacyanin concentration.

Conclusion: The study suggested that sucrose high molecular weight OAS could be used as an osmotic agent for the concentration of Opuntia betacyanin during forward osmosis.

Keywords: Betacyanin, Forward osmosis, Cellulose acetate membrane, Sucrose, Concentration

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Article Details

(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/2211550108666191025112221