Background: With the increasing number of elderly people in the world, usage of concepts
and terminology related to this phenomenon has substantially increased. One concept in this
context is successful aging. The purpose of the present study is to extract and introduce a common
concept to be used in studies on measuring successful aging.
Methods: This is a review study. First, by searching the databases of Magiran, Noormags, Medlib,
Irandoc, Iranmedex, Barakat Knowledge Network System, Civilica, SID, ISI Web Of Science,
PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct and search engines, Google Scholar and Elmnet as well as using
standard keywords such as elder, elderly, aging, and successful aging, all related published articles
during the period 1995 to 2017 were retrieved. A total of 3417 documents were retrieved. By removing
3390 unrelated, duplicate and unusable documents, 27 articles were included in the study
after quality control.
Results: The findings of the study were categorized in three areas: "defining successful aging by
focusing on dimensions", "successful aging principles" and "factors influencing successful aging".
Reviewing various studies, we found that the definition of successful aging deals with cognitive
action, perception, control, life satisfaction, and ethics. Successful aging is also defined as having
inner feelings of happiness and satisfaction with life for the present and the past. Sometimes successful
aging is also considered to be survival with health.
Conclusion: Health care professionals as community health supporters can use the results from the
present study for providing the grounds for successful aging. Then, they can use the designed successful
aging program for preserving and promoting active and healthy aging for every elderly
person in old age.