The Protective Effect of Cilostazol in Genotoxicity Induced by Methotrexate in Human Cultured Lymphocytes

Author(s): Abeer M. Rababa’h*, Samah A. Hussein, Omar F. Khabour, Karem H. Alzoubi.

Journal Name: Current Molecular Pharmacology

Volume 13 , Issue 2 , 2020

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Abstract:

Background: Methotrexate is an antagonist of folic acid that has been shown to be genotoxic to healthy body cells via induction of oxidative stress. Cilostazol is a phosphodiesterase III inhibitor and a potent antioxidant drug.

Objective: To evaluate the potential protective effect of cilostazol on methotrexate genotoxicity.

Methods: The genotoxic effect of methotrexate by measuring the frequency of chromosomal aberrations (CAs) and sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs) in human cultured lymphocytes was studied.

Results: Methotrexate significantly increased the frequency of CAs and SCEs (p < 0.0001) as compared to control cultures. This chromosomal damage induced by methotrexate was considerably decreased by pretreatment of the cells with cilostazol (P < 0.01). Moreover, the results showed that methotrexate resulted in a notable reduction (P < 0.01) in cells kinetic parameters, the mitotic index (MI) and the proliferative index (PI). Similarly, cilostazol significantly reduced the mitotic index, which could be related to the anti-proliferative effect (P < 0.01).

Conclusion: Methotrexate is genotoxic, and cilostazol could prevent the methotrexate-induced chromosomal damage with no modulation of methotrexate-induced cytotoxicity.

Keywords: Methotrexate, cilostazol, genotoxicity, chromosomal aberrations, sister chromatid exchanges.

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VOLUME: 13
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2020
Page: [137 - 143]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1874467212666191023120118
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