Benefits of Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Patients with COPD with Use and without the Use of Supplemental Oxygen During Exercise

Author(s): Jhonatan Betancourt Peña, Juan Carlos Ávila Valencia, Jorge Karim Assis, Hugo Hurtado Gutiérrez, Vicente Benavides Córdoba*.

Journal Name: Current Respiratory Medicine Reviews

Volume 15 , Issue 4 , 2019

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Objective: To determine the effects of a pulmonary rehabilitation program in patients with COPD who use and do not use supplemental oxygen during exercise.

Materials and Methods: Prospective longitudinal descriptive study on 59 patients with COPD who were part of a pulmonary rehabilitation program and who were classified into two groups: a group that required supplemental oxygen during rehabilitation and another that did not.

Results: 31 patients were linked to the group that used oxygen during rehabilitation and 28 patients who did not use it. The average age was 69.1 ± 10.6 years old. The mMRC dyspnea decreased 0.7 ± 0.2 (p = 0.000) in the group that used oxygen and 0.8 ± 0.1 (p = 0.000) in the group that did not use it. The distance increased 45.9 meters ± 7.2 (p = 0.000) in the group that used oxygen and 65.2 meters ± 16.3 (p = 0.001) in the group that did not use it.

Conclusion: Both groups showed significant improvements in dyspnea and aerobic capacity, however, there was a greater increase in the group that did not use oxygen.

Keywords: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, dyspnea, exercise, rehabilitation, supplemental oxygen, WHO.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2019
Page: [281 - 288]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1573398X15666191021122926

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