Background: Cranial ultrasonography is the main neuroimaging technique for very low
birth weight infants. Low brain volume is associated with poor neurologic outcome. This study
aimed to calculate brain volumes of preterm infants with two-dimensional measurements of cranial
Methods: Intracranial height, anteroposterior diameter, bi-parietal diamater, ventricular height,
thalamo-occipital distance and ventricular index were measured with routine cranial ultrasonographic
scanning. Brain considered a spheric, ellipsoid model and estimated brain volume (EBV)
was calculated by subtracting two lateral ventricular volumes from the total brain volume.
Results: One hundred and twenty-one preterm infants under a birth weight of 1500 g and 32
weeks of gestational age were included in this study. The mean gestational age of study population
was 27.7 weeks, and mean birthweight was 1057 grams.
Twenty-two of 121 infants had dilated ventricle, in this group, EBV was lower than normal group
(202 ± 58 cm3 vs 250 ± 53 cm3, respectively, p<0.01). Advanced resuscitation, bronchopulmonary
dysplasia and late-onset sepsis were found to be independent risk factors for low brain volume in
Conclusion: Estimated brain volume can be calculated by two-dimensional measurements with