Brain Volumes of very Low Birth Weight Infants Measured by Two-dimensional Cranial Ultrasonography: A Prospective Cohort Study

Author(s): Gülsüm Kadıoğlu Şimşek*, Fuat Emre Canpolat, Mehmet Büyüktiryaki, Gözde Kanmaz Kutman, Cüneyt Tayman.

Journal Name: Current Medical Imaging
Formerly: Current Medical Imaging Reviews

Volume 15 , Issue 10 , 2019

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Graphical Abstract:


Background: Cranial ultrasonography is the main neuroimaging technique for very low birth weight infants. Low brain volume is associated with poor neurologic outcome. This study aimed to calculate brain volumes of preterm infants with two-dimensional measurements of cranial ultrasonography.

Methods: Intracranial height, anteroposterior diameter, bi-parietal diamater, ventricular height, thalamo-occipital distance and ventricular index were measured with routine cranial ultrasonographic scanning. Brain considered a spheric, ellipsoid model and estimated brain volume (EBV) was calculated by subtracting two lateral ventricular volumes from the total brain volume.

Results: One hundred and twenty-one preterm infants under a birth weight of 1500 g and 32 weeks of gestational age were included in this study. The mean gestational age of study population was 27.7 weeks, and mean birthweight was 1057 grams.

Twenty-two of 121 infants had dilated ventricle, in this group, EBV was lower than normal group (202 ± 58 cm3 vs 250 ± 53 cm3, respectively, p<0.01). Advanced resuscitation, bronchopulmonary dysplasia and late-onset sepsis were found to be independent risk factors for low brain volume in our data.

Conclusion: Estimated brain volume can be calculated by two-dimensional measurements with cranial ultrasonography.

Keywords: Cranial ultrasonography, brain volume, ventricular volume, very low birth weight, preterm newborn infant, dilated ventricle.

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Article Details

Year: 2019
Page: [994 - 1000]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1573405615666191019100114
Price: $65

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