Background: Lipoid proteinosis (LP) is an autosomal recessive transfer lysosomal storage disease, characterised by the accumulation of hyalin substance in the mucous membranes, skin, internal organs and brain, for which there is no biochemical diagnostic method.
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the carnitine and acylcarnitine metabolic profile with LC-MS/MS in LP patients and thereby examine the potential of this as a new biochemical method in the determination of biochemical markers in LP patients.
Methods: In this study, 27 carnitine and acylcarnitine esters were measured with LC-MS/MS in serum samples taken from 14 healthy control subjects and 14 patients who presented at the Skin and Venereal Diseases Polyclinic and were diagnosed with LP as a result of clinical, radiological and histopathological examinations.
Results: The results of the study showed that C0 (free carnitine) C3, C4, C4:DC, C5DC, C6, C8, C14:1, C14:2, C16 and C18 acylcarnitines were statistically significantly reduced in the LP patients (p<0.05, p<0.01).
Conclusion: It was concluded that the application of carnitine profile screening, which is an inexpensive, rapid and reliable method, could make a contribution to the differential diagnosis as aa supporting laboratory test in individuals with suspected LP.