Observation of the Pulp Chamber of Maxillary First Premolars: A Micro-computed Tomographic Study

Author(s): Gozde Serindere*, Ceren Aktuna Belgin, Kaan Orhan.

Journal Name: Current Medical Imaging
Formerly: Current Medical Imaging Reviews

Volume 16 , Issue 3 , 2020

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: There are a few studies about the evaluation of maxillary first premolars internal structure with micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). The aim of this study was to assess morphological features of the pulp chamber in maxillary first premolar teeth using micro- CT.

Methods: Extracted 15 maxillary first premolar teeth were selected from the patients who were in different age groups. The distance between the pulp orifices, the diameter of the pulp and the width of the pulp chamber floor were measured on the micro-CT images with the slice thickness of 13.6 µm. The number of root canal orifices and the presence of isthmus were evaluated.

Results: The mean diameter of orifices was 0.73 mm on the buccal side while it was 0.61 mm on palatinal side. The mean distance between pulp orifices was 2.84 mm. The mean angle between pulp orifices was -21.53°. The mean height of pulp orifices on the buccal side was 4.32 mm while the mean height of pulp orifices on the palatinal side was 3.56 mm. The most observed shape of root canal orifices was flattened ribbon. No isthmus was found in specimens.

Conclusion: Minor anatomical structures can be evaluated in more detail with micro-CT. The observation of the pulp cavity was analyzed using micro-CT.

Keywords: Anatomy, maxillary first premolar, micro-CT, pulp cavity, root canal system, isthmus.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2020
Page: [224 - 230]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1573405615666191016125937
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