Anticancer Potential of Dietary Natural Products: A Comprehensive Review

(E-pub Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Rumana Ahmad*, Mohsin A. Khan, A.N. Srivastava, Anamika Gupta, Aditi Srivastava, Tanvir R. Jafri, Zainab Siddiqui, Sunaina Chaubey, Tahmeena Khan, Arvind K. Srivastava.

Journal Name: Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
(Formerly Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents)

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Abstract:

Nature is a rich source of natural drug-like compounds with almost zero side effects. Phytochemicals better known as “Natural Products” are found abundantly in a number of plants. Since time immemorial, spices have been widely used in Indian cuisine as flavoring and colouring agents. Most of these spices and condiments are derived from various biodiversity hotspots in India (which contributes 75% of global spice production) and form the crux of India’s multidiverse and multicultural cuisine. Apart from their aroma, flavor and taste, these spices and condiments are known to possess several medicinal properties also. Most of these spices find considerable mention in Ayurveda, the indigenous system of medicine, as panaceas for several aliments. The antimicrobial, antioxidant, antiproliferative, antihypertensive and antidiabetic properties of several of these natural products are well documented in Ayurveda. These phytoconstituemts are known to act as functional immunoboosters, immunomodulators as well as anti-inflammatory agents. As anticancer agents, their mechanistic action involves cancer cell death via induction of apoptosis, necrosis and autophagy. The present review provides a comprehensive and collective update on the potential of 65 commonly used spices as well as their bioactive constituents as anticancer agents. The review also provides an in-depth update of all major in vitro, in vivo, clinical and pharmacological studies done on these spices with special emphasis on the potential of these spices and their bioactive constituents as potential functional foods for prevention, treatment and management of cancer.

Keywords: dietary products, spices, anticancer, cytotoxicity, Ayurveda, medicinal plants

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Article Details

(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/1871520619666191015103712
Price: $95

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