Kinetic Models to Produce an Antioxidant by Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Bovine Plasma Protein Using a High Substrate Concentration

Author(s): Nathalia A. Gómez*, Leidy J. Gómez, José E. Zapata.

Journal Name: Current Enzyme Inhibition

Volume 15 , Issue 2 , 2019

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Abstract:

Background: The animal blood that is produced in a slaughterhouse is a potential source of inexpensive proteins used in the food industry around the world. However, 60% of it is surplus, and it ends with a negative environmental impact.

Introduction: The enzymatic hydrolysis of proteins represents a good way to produce peptides with different biological activities.

Methods: Enzymatic hydrolysis of bovine plasma with subtilisin at an alkaline pH and 61.5°C was performed using the pH-stat method. Experiments were conducted considering the effects of a high initial substrate concentration (So) and the enzyme/substrate ratio (E/S) minimizing the processing time necessary to obtain a specific degree of hydrolysis (DH).

Results: The best conditions obtained were 42 g/L of So and 0.89 AU/g substrate of E/S until a DH of 20% in 11,1 ± 1,1 min was achieved to the tested conditions, which result in a fitted empirical polynomial equation of degree 3.

Conclusion: A kinetic equation is established to relate the DH and the reaction time to a relative error of less than 5% in the fit, to obtain a good antioxidant product in an industrially interesting time. Additionally, the results suggest a good adjustment of the data with a determination coefficient (R2) of 0.9745 in validation.

Keywords: Antioxidants, degree of hydrolysis, enzymatic hydrolysis, kinetic model, pH-Stat method, protein hydrolysates.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2019
Page: [144 - 153]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1573408015666191009090742

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