Exercise has long been recognized as a beneficial living style for cardiovascular health. It has been
applied to be a central component of cardiac rehabilitation for patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), coronary
heart disease (CHD), post-acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI),
post cardiac surgery or transplantation. Although the effect of exercise is multifactorial, in this review, we focus
on the specific contribution of regular exercise on the heart and vascular system. We will summarize the known
result of clinical findings and possible mechanisms of chronic exercise on the cardiovascular system.
Keywords: Myocardial infarction, heart failure, exercise, cardiovascular health, coronary heart disease (CHD), cardiac rehabilitation.
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