Current and Future Developments in Hypertension

Current and Future Developments in Hypertension

Novel Strategies and Approaches in Hypertension Therapy

INTRODUCTION: Hypertension has become a major public health problem in the last few decades. High blood pressure is a serious risk factor for premature cardiovascular disease and end-organ damage ...
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Medical Nutrition in Hypertension

Pp. 339-357 (19)

M. Emel Alphan and Pınar Atukeren

Abstract

High blood pressure is the most common cause of death worldwide. The goal of treatment should be lowering blood pressure to reduce the risk of heart disease and to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke. Hypertension is treated with drugs and in addition the person's lifestyle and nutrition should be paid attention. Lifestyle changes are needed to control LDL-cholesterol, lipids and BP which are the cardiovascular risk factors. Lifestyle changes; nutrition recommendations involving the control of salt intake and weight loss, regular physical activity, avoiding alcohol/cigarette consumption, etc. are summarized in this chapter. It was shown that with DASH diet, which recommends reducing saturated fat, total fat and cholesterol, and increasing consumption of low-fat dairy products with vegetables and fruits, BP is reduced. Sodium, sugar, sugary drinks, fats and ready to eat meat are less involved in the DASH diet.

Keywords:

Alcohol consumption, Blood pressure, Cardiovascular diseases, Calcium, Cholesterol, Diet, Exercise, Fruits, Hypertension, Lifestyle management, Nutrition, Sodium intake, Salt-sensitive hypertensive, Salt-resistant hypertension, Sodium, Potassium, Magnesium, Weight loss, DASH diet, Vegetables.

Affiliation:

Department of Medical Biochemistry, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University- Cerrahpasa, Istanbul, Turkey.