MiR-144-3p Inhibits BMSC Proliferation and Osteogenic Differentiation Via Targeting FZD4 in Steroid-Associated Osteonecrosis

Author(s): Zhibo Sun, Fei Wu*, Yue Yang, Feng Liu, Fengbo Mo, Jin Chen, Guangyong Wang, Bo Zhang*.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 25 , Issue 45 , 2019

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Abstract:

Background: MicroRNAs have recently been recognized to be engaged in the development of bone diseases.

Objective: This study was performed to elucidate the effects of miR-144-3p on proliferation and osteogenesis of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from the patients with steroid-associated osteonecrosis (ONFH) and its related mechanism.

Method: The expression level of miR-144-3p in the MSCs from the proximal femur of the patients was examined by Real-time PCR. The cell proliferation ability was assayed by MTT. The differentiation ability of MSCs was assayed by Alizarin Red S (ARS) staining. The interaction between miR-144-3p and frizzled4 (FZD4) was investigated by Real-time PCR, western blot and luciferase reporter assay.

Results: ONFH samples had the obviously high expression of miR-144-3p compared to the control. MiR-144-3p had a negative effect on the proliferation and osteogenesis of MSCs. Via targeting FZD4, miR-144-3p decreased β-catenin nuclear translocation, the transcription of RUNX2 and COL1A1. Over-expression of FZD4 partially reversed miR-144-3p-induced decrease in the proliferation and osteogenesis of MSCs.

Conclusion: MiR-144-3p might play an important role in the development of ONFH and might be used as a novel class of therapeutic targets for this disease.

Keywords: MiR-144-3p, FZD4, Steroid-associated osteonecrosis, Mesenchymal stem cells, ONFH, Real-time PCR.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 25
ISSUE: 45
Year: 2019
Page: [4806 - 4812]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1381612825666190930094019
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