Aim: Evaluation of the executive function and working memory influence, as well as the
general state of memory, on adherence to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) and overactive bladder
symptoms treatment in elderly men.
Background: The influence of the executive function and working memory on treatment adherence
in older men with BPH has not been studied enough.
Objective: To determine the level of influence of various factors on the treatment adherence in
older men with BPH.
Methods: The executive function and working memory evaluation, as well as a general memory
assessment, were carried out using the Wisconsin Test, the Wechsler Memory Scale, and the California
Verbal Test. Hierarchical and simultaneous regressions were calculated to study the effect of
executive function and working memory.
Results: After the end of the study, the symptoms of hyperactive bladder significantly decreased,
the symptoms of evacuation did not change significantly, and the cognitive status of the patients
remained unchanged. The predictor variables significantly influencing adherence of elderly men to
BPH and overactive bladder (OAB) treatment are executive function and working memory composite
(β = .33, p & lt; .05), severe symptoms of lower urinary tract (-.34, p & lt; .05), and age
(-.27, p & lt; .05).
Conclusion: The status of executive function and working memory, as well as the age and severity
of the pathological symptoms of the lower urinary tract, should be taken into account when predicting
the risks of rejecting BPH and OAB treatment in elderly patients.