The Therapeutic Potential of Chemokines in the Treatment of Chemotherapy- Induced Peripheral Neuropathy

(E-pub Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Lin Zhou, Luyao Ao, Yunyi Yan, Wanting Li, Anqi Ye, Yahui Hu*, Weirong Fang*, Yunman Li*.

Journal Name: Current Drug Targets

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Background: Some of the current challenges and complications of cancer therapy are chemotherapy- induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) and the neuropathic pain that are associated with this condition. Many major chemotherapeutic agents can cause neurotoxicity, significantly modulate the immune system and are always accompanied by various adverse effects. Recent evidence suggests that cross-talk occurs between the nervous system and the immune system during treatment with chemotherapeutic agents; thus, an emerging concept is that neuroinflammation is one of the major mechanisms underlying CIPN, as demonstrated by the upregulation of chemokines. Chemokines were originally identified as regulators of peripheral immune cell trafficking, and chemokines are also expressed on neurons and glial cells in the central nervous system.

Objective: In this review, we collected evidence demonstrating that chemokines are potential mediators and contributors to pain signalling in CIPN. The expression of chemokines and their receptors, such as CX3CL1/CX3CR1, CCL2/CCR2, CXCL1/CXCR2, CXCL12/CXCR4 and CCL3/CCR5, is altered in the pathological conditions of CIPN, and chemokine receptor antagonists attenuate neuropathic pain behaviour.

Conclusion: By understanding the mechanisms of chemokine-mediated communication, we may reveal chemokine targets that can be used as novel therapeutic strategies for the treatment of CIPN.

Keywords: Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy, Chemotherapeutic agents, Chemokines, Neuroinflammation, CCL2, CX3CL1, CXCL1

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Article Details

(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/1389450120666190906153652
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