A COL4A5 Missense Variant in a Han-Chinese Family with X-linked Alport Syndrome

Author(s): Yuan Wu, Yi Guo, Jinzhong Yuan, Hongbo Xu, Yong Chen, Hao Zhang, Mingyang Yuan, Hao Deng, Lamei Yuan*.

Journal Name: Current Molecular Medicine

Volume 19 , Issue 10 , 2019

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Background: Alport syndrome (AS) is an inherited familial nephropathy, characterized by progressive hematuric nephritis, bilateral sensorineural hypoacusis and ocular abnormalities. X-linked AS (XLAS) is the major AS form and is clinically heterogeneous, and it is associated with defects in the collagen type IV alpha 5 chain gene (COL4A5).

Objective: The purpose of this research is to detect the genetic defect responsible for renal disorder in a 3-generation Han-Chinese pedigree.

Methods: Detailed family history and clinical data of the family members were collected and recorded. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was applied in the proband to screen potential genetic variants, and then Sanger sequencing was used to verify the variant within the family. Two hundred unrelated ethnically matched normal individuals (male/female: 100/100, age 37.5 ± 5.5 years) without renal disorder were recruited as controls.

Results: Three patients (I:1, II:1 and II:2) presented microscopic hematuria and proteinuria, and the patient I:1 developed uremia and end stage renal disease (ESRD) by age 55 and showed sensorineural hearing loss. Patient II:2 developed mild left ear hearing loss. Cataracts were present in patients I:1 and II:1. A COL4A5 gene missense variant, c.2156G>A (p.G719E), located in the Gly-X-Y repeats of exon 28, was identified to co-segregate with the renal disorder in this family. The variant was absent in 200 ethnically matched controls.

Conclusion: By conducting WES and Sanger sequencing, a COL4A5 missense variant, c.2156G>A (p.G719E), was identified to co-segregate with the renal disorder, and it is possible that this variant is the genetic cause of the disorder in this family. Our study may extend the mutation spectrum of XLAS and may be useful for genetic counseling of this family. Further functional studies associated with genetic deficiency are warranted in the following research.

Keywords: X-linked Alport syndrome, the COL4A5 gene, type IV collagen, α3α4α5 network, WES, Sanger sequencing.

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Year: 2019
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DOI: 10.2174/1566524019666190906144214
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