MiR-34a Inhibits Spinal Cord Injury and Blocks Spinal Cord Neuron Apoptosis by Activating Phatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT Pathway Through Targeting CD47

Author(s): Liao Qi*, Ming Jiang-Hua, Hu Ge-Liang, Chen Qing, Li Ya-Ming.

Journal Name: Current Neurovascular Research

Volume 16 , Issue 4 , 2019

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Abstract:

Objective: Dysregulation of miR-34a has been reported for its implication in neuronal development. This study aims to explore the effect and possible mechanism of miR-34a on neuron apoptosis induced by Spinal Cord Injury (SCI).

Materials and Methods: SCI model was established using Allen's weight-drop method and rats in the sham group were performed with laminectomy without weight-drop injury. Basso Bcattie Bresnahan (BBB) rating scale was applied to evaluate the locomotor function of rats. Pathological changes of spinal cord tissues in SCI rats were observed after hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. Rats were separately injected with miR-34a agomir, miR-34a agomir NC, si-CD47 and si- CD47 NC before their spinal cord tissues were collected for terminal-deoxynucleoitidyl Transferase Mediated nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining. Expressions of miR-34a, si-CD47, apoptosis related proteins and AKT pathway related proteins were measured by quantitative reverse transcription- polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blot.

Results: SCI rat models were successfully established evidenced by decreased BBB scores and HE staining. Injection of miR-34a agomir and/or si-CD47 could suppress neuron cell apoptosis, with deceased apoptotic index (AI) and pro-apoptotic protein (cleaved caspase-3 and Bax) levels, and increased expressions of anti-apoptotic proteins (Bcl-2 and Mcl-1). Phosphorylated levels of phatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and AKT were further increased in rats injected with miR-34a agomir and si-CD47, compared with miR-34a agomir or si-CD47 injection alone.

Conclusion: MiR-34a can downregulate CD47 expression to activate PI3K/AKT signal pathway, and thus inhibit SCI induced spinal neuron apoptosis.

Keywords: Spinal cord injury, miR-34a, CD47, apoptosis, AKT pathway, miRNA, glial cells.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2019
Page: [373 - 381]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1567202616666190906102343
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