KRAS: A Promising Therapeutic Target for Cancer Treatment

Author(s): Hai-Zhou Wu, Jia-Qi Xiao, Song-Shu Xiao*, Yan Cheng*.

Journal Name: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 19 , Issue 23 , 2019

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Kirsten rat sarcoma 2 viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) is the most commonly mutated oncogene in human cancer. The developments of many cancers depend on sustained expression and signaling of KRAS, which makes KRAS a high-priority therapeutic target. Scientists have not successfully developed drugs that target KRAS, although efforts have been made last three decades. In this review, we highlight the emerging experimental strategies of impairing KRAS membrane localization and the direct targeting of KRAS. We also conclude the combinatorial therapies and RNA interference technology for the treatment of KRAS mutant cancers. Moreover, the virtual screening approach to discover novel KRAS inhibitors and synthetic lethality interactors of KRAS are discussed in detail.

Keywords: KRAS, Cancer treatment, Mutant cancers, Oncogene, Therapeutic target, Viral oncogene.

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VOLUME: 19
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Year: 2019
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DOI: 10.2174/1568026619666190905164144
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