C-5 Substituted Pyrimidine Nucleotides/Nucleosides: Recent Progress in Synthesis, Functionalization, and Applications

Author(s): Muthian Shanmugasundaram, Annamalai Senthilvelan, Anilkumar R. Kore*.

Journal Name: Current Organic Chemistry

Volume 23 , Issue 13 , 2019

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Abstract:

The chemistry of C5 substituted pyrimidine nucleotide serves as a versatile molecular biology probe for the incorporation of DNA/RNA that has been involved in various molecular biology applications such as gene expression, chromosome, and mRNA fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) experiment, mutation detection on arrays and microarrays, in situ RT-PCR, and PCR. In addition to C5 substituted pyrimidine nucleotide, C5 substituted pyrimidine nucleoside displays a broad spectrum of biological applications such as antibacterial, antiviral and anticancer activities. This review focusses on the recent development in the synthesis of aminoallyl pyrimidine nucleotide, aminopropargyl pyrimidine nucleotide, fluorescent probes containing C5 substituted pyrimidine nucleotide, 2′-deoxycytidine nucleoside containing vinylsulfonamide and acrylamide modification, C5 alkenyl, C5 alkynyl, and C5 aryl pyrimidine nucleosides through palladium-catalyzed reaction, pyrimidine nucleoside containing triazole moiety through Click reaction, 5-isoxazol-3-yl-pyrimidine nucleoside, C5 azide modified pyrimidine nucleoside, 2′-deoxycytidine nucleotide containing photocleavable moiety, and uridine nucleoside containing germane and their biological applications are outlined.

Keywords: Pyrimidine nucleoside, pyrimidine nucleotide, fluorescent probe, DNA, palladium-catalyst, click chemistry, anticancer, antiviral.

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VOLUME: 23
ISSUE: 13
Year: 2019
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DOI: 10.2174/1385272823666190809124310
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