Background: Smoking is an established predictor of type 2 diabetes. However, the link between
smoking cessation and diabetes progression remains a subject of scholarly investigation.
Objective: The objective of this systematic review is to establish the link between smoking cessation
Data Sources: The study utilized conference abstracts and peer-reviewed journals that reported randomized
controlled trials smoking cessation interventions for diabetes patients.
Results: Results from the review were inconclusive on the link between smoking cessation and diabetes.
On one hand, several researchers have confirmed a positive correlation between smoking cessation
and decreased risk of diabetes. On the other hand, some researchers have demonstrated that immediate
withdrawal of nicotine resulted in increased risk of diabetes; however, this risk reduces with time.
Conclusion: The result of this review did not estblish a clear relationship between smoking cessation
Limitations: Compared to other studies examining the implication of smoking on chronic diseases, this
study identified a very small number of trials evaluating the effect of smoking cessation on diabetes.
The small number of studies implies that the results may not be suitable for generalization.
Implication: Results from the review can help in the development of a tailored intervention for effective
management of diabetes in smoking patients.