The Effects of Smoking Cessation on Diabetes Mellitus Patients

Author(s): Ali Alshahrani*.

Journal Name: Current Diabetes Reviews

Volume 16 , Issue 2 , 2020

Become EABM
Become Reviewer

Abstract:

Background: Smoking is an established predictor of type 2 diabetes. However, the link between smoking cessation and diabetes progression remains a subject of scholarly investigation.

Objective: The objective of this systematic review is to establish the link between smoking cessation and diabetes.

Data Sources: The study utilized conference abstracts and peer-reviewed journals that reported randomized controlled trials smoking cessation interventions for diabetes patients.

Results: Results from the review were inconclusive on the link between smoking cessation and diabetes. On one hand, several researchers have confirmed a positive correlation between smoking cessation and decreased risk of diabetes. On the other hand, some researchers have demonstrated that immediate withdrawal of nicotine resulted in increased risk of diabetes; however, this risk reduces with time.

Conclusion: The result of this review did not estblish a clear relationship between smoking cessation and diabates. Limitations: Compared to other studies examining the implication of smoking on chronic diseases, this study identified a very small number of trials evaluating the effect of smoking cessation on diabetes. The small number of studies implies that the results may not be suitable for generalization.

Implication: Results from the review can help in the development of a tailored intervention for effective management of diabetes in smoking patients.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, smoking, cessation, primary care, body mass index, chronic diseases.

[1]
Pan A, Wang Y, Talaei M, Hu FB, Wu T. Relation of active, passive, and quitting smoking with incident type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 2015; 3(12): 958-67.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2213-8587(15)00316-2] [PMID: 26388413]
[2]
Willi C, Bodenmann P, Ghali WA, Faris PD, Cornuz J. Active smoking and the risk of type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA 2007; 298(22): 2654-64.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.298.22.2654] [PMID: 18073361]
[3]
Qin R, Chen T, Lou Q, Yu D. Excess risk of mortality and cardiovascular events associated with smoking among patients with diabetes: Meta-analysis of observational prospective studies. Int J Cardiol 2013; 167(2): 342-50.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2011.12.100] [PMID: 22251416]
[4]
Hsu CC, Hwang SJ, Tai TY, et al. Cigarette smoking and proteinuria in Taiwanese men with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabet Med 2010; 27(3): 295-302.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.2010.02947.x] [PMID: 20536492]
[5]
Fagard RH. Smoking amplifies cardiovascular risk in patients with hypertension and diabetes. Diabetes Care 2009; 32(Suppl. 2): S429-31.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.2337/dc09-S354] [PMID: 19875595]
[6]
Standards of medical care in diabetes—2013. Diabetes Care 2012; 36: S11-66.
[7]
Oba S, Noda M, Waki K, et al. Smoking cessation increases short-term risk of type 2 diabetes irrespective of weight gain: The Japan Public Health Center-Based Prospective Study. PLoS One 2012; 7(2)e17061
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0017061] [PMID: 22879858]
[8]
Morimoto A, Ohno Y, Tatsumi Y, et al. Impact of smoking cessation on incidence of diabetes mellitus among overweight or normal-weight Japanese men. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2012; 96(3): 407-13.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diabres.2012.03.007] [PMID: 22494491]
[9]
Yeh HC, Duncan BB, Schmidt MI, Wang NY, Brancati FL. Smoking, smoking cessation, and risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus: A cohort study. Ann Intern Med 2010; 152(1): 10-7.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-152-1-201001050-00005] [PMID: 20048267]
[11]
[12]
Sawicki PT, Didjurgeit U, Mühlhauser I, Berger M. Behaviour therapy versus doctor’s anti-smoking advice in diabetic patients. J Intern Med 1993; 234(4): 407-9.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2796.1993.tb00763.x] [PMID: 8409838]
[13]
Ng N, Nichter M, Padmawati RS, Prabandari YS, Muramoto M, Nichter M. Bringing smoking cessation to diabetes clinics in Indonesia. Chronic Illn 2010; 6(2): 125-35.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1742395310364253] [PMID: 20444767]
[14]
Hokanson JM, Anderson RL, Hennrikus DJ, Lando HA, Kendall DM. Integrated tobacco cessation counseling in a diabetes self-management training program: A randomized trial of diabetes and reduction of tobacco. Diabetes Educ 2006; 32(4): 562-70.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145721706289914] [PMID: 16873594]
[15]
Canga N, De Irala J, Vara E, Duaso MJ, Ferrer A, Martínez-González MA. Intervention study for smoking cessation in diabetic patients: A randomized controlled trial in both clinical and primary care settings. Diabetes Care 2000; 23(10): 1455-60.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.2337/diacare.23.10.1455] [PMID: 11023136]
[16]
Iino K, Iwase M, Tsutsu N, Iida M. Smoking cessation and glycaemic control in type 2 diabetic patients. Diabetes Obes Metab 2004; 6(3): 181-6.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-8902.2004.00329.x] [PMID: 15056125]
[17]
Thankappan KR, Mini GK, Daivadanam M, Vijayakumar G, Sarma PS, Nichter M. Smoking cessation among diabetes patients: Results of a pilot randomized controlled trial in Kerala, India. BMC Public Health 2013; 13: 47.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-47] [PMID: 23331722]
[18]
Ahmad NS, Islahudin F, Paraidathathu T. Factors associated with good glycemic control among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. J Diabetes Investig 2014; 5(5): 563-9.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdi.12175] [PMID: 25411625]
[19]
Lycett D, Nichols L, Ryan R, et al. The association between smoking cessation and glycaemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes: A THIN database cohort study. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 2015; 3(6): 423-30.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2213-8587(15)00082-0] [PMID: 25935880]
[20]
Akter S, Goto A, Mizoue T. Smoking and the risk of type 2 diabetes in Japan: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Epidemiol 2017; 27(12): 553-61.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.je.2016.12.017] [PMID: 28716381]
[21]
Koda M, Kitamura I, Okura T, Otsuka R, Ando F, Shimokata H. The Associations Between Smoking Habits and Serum Triglyceride or Hemoglobin A1c Levels Differ According to Visceral Fat Accumulation. J Epidemiol 2016; 26(4): 208-15.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.2188/jea.JE20150086] [PMID: 26616395]
[22]
Chidozie NJ, Okorie EA, Chima OE, et al. Study on the effect of smoking on Type 2 diabetic patients in federal medical center owerri, Southeastern Nigeria. Asian J Med Sci 2014; 5(3): 63-71.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/ajms.v5i3.8950]
[23]
Treating tobacco use and dependence: 2008 update U.S. Public Health Service Clinical Practice Guideline executive summary. Respir Care 2008; 53(9): 1217-22.
[PMID: 18807274]
[24]
Balkau B, Vierron E, Vernay M, et al. The impact of 3-year changes in lifestyle habits on metabolic syndrome parameters: The D.E.S.I.R study. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 2006; 13(3): 334-40.
[PMID: 16926661]


Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2020
Page: [137 - 142]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1573399815666190729111041
Price: $65

Article Metrics

PDF: 19
HTML: 3