Jab1-siRNA Induces Cell Growth Inhibition and Cell Cycle Arrest in Gall Bladder Cancer Cells via Targeting Jab1 Signalosome

Author(s): Pratibha Pandey, Mohammad H. Siddiqui, Anu Behari, Vinay K. Kapoor, Kumudesh Mishra, Uzma Sayyed, Rohit K. Tiwari, Rafia Shekh, Preeti Bajpai*.

Journal Name: Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
(Formerly Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents)

Volume 19 , Issue 16 , 2019

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: The aberrant alteration in Jab1 signalosome (COP9 Signalosome Complex Subunit 5) has been proven to be associated with the progression of several carcinomas. However the specific role and mechanism of action of Jab1 signalosome in carcinogenesis of gall bladder cancer (GBC) are poorly understood.

Objective: The main objective of our study was to elucidate the role and mechanism of Jab1 signalosome in gall bladder cancer by employing siRNA.

Methods: Jab1 overexpression was identified in gall bladder cancer tissue sample. The role of Jab1-siRNA approach in cell growth inhibition and apoptotic induction was then examined by RT-PCR, Western Blotting, MTT, ROS, Hoechst and FITC/Annexin-V staining.

Results: In the current study, we have shown that overexpression of Jab1 stimulated the proliferation of GBC cells; whereas downregulation of Jab1 by using Jab1-siRNA approach resulted incell growth inhibition and apoptotic induction. Furthermore, we found that downregulation of Jab1 induces cell cycle arrest at G1 phase and upregulated the expression of p27, p53 and Bax gene. Moreover, Jab1-siRNA induces apoptosis by enhancing ROS generation and caspase-3 activation. In addition, combined treatment with Jab1-siRNA and gemicitabine demonstrated an enhanced decline in cell proliferation which further suggested increased efficacy of gemcitabine at a very lower dose (5μM) in combination with Jab1-siRNA.

Conclusion: In conclusion, our study strongly suggests that targeting Jab1 signalosome could be a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of gall bladder cancer.

Keywords: Gall bladder cancer, Jab1-siRNA, Jab1, gemcitabine, caspase-3, gene silencing.

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VOLUME: 19
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Year: 2019
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DOI: 10.2174/1871520619666190725122400
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