Approximately 50% of patients who have undergone IPAA surgery for Ulcerative Colitis (UC) develop at least 1 episode of pouchitis. Patients with pouchitis have a wide range of symptoms, endoscopic and histologic features, disease course, and prognosis. To date, there are no universally accepted diagnostic criteria in terms of endoscopy and histology; though, semi-objective assessments to diagnose pouchitis in patients with ileal pouch- anal anastomosis (IPAA) have been proposed using composite scores such as the Pouchitis Triad, Heidelberg Pouchitis Activity Score and Pouchitis Disease Activity Index (PDAI). In a systematic review that included four randomized trials evaluating five agents for treatment of acute pouchitis, ciprofloxacin was more effective at inducing remission as compared with metronidazole. Rifaximin was not more effective than placebo, while budesonide enemas and metronidazole were similarly effective for inducing remission of acute pouchitis. Patients with pouchitis relapsing more than three times per year are advised maintenance therapy, and guidelines recommend ciprofloxacin or the probiotic VSL#3. In patients with antibiotic-refractory pouchitis, secondary factors associated with an antibiotic-refractory course should be sought and treated. In this review, we will discuss the prevention and management of pouchitis in Ulcerative Colitis patients.