Metal Phthalocyanines as Catalyst Precursors of Metallated Carbon Nanotubes

Author(s): Antonio Alanis, Oxana V. Kharissova, Boris I. Kharisov*.

Journal Name: Recent Patents on Nanotechnology

Volume 13 , Issue 2 , 2019

Become EABM
Become Reviewer

Graphical Abstract:


Background: The addition of nanoparticles to cellulose paper can improve its mechanical strength, chemical stability, biocompatibility and hydrophobic properties. Silica nanoparticles are known to be inert, hydrophobic, biocompatible, biodegradable and have a good distribution being deposited on surfaces. The main characteristics of 20 nm SiO2 nanoparticles are good chemical and thermal stability with a melting point of 1610-1728°C, a boiling point of 2230°C with a purity of 99.5%.

Objective: To carry out the hydrophobization of paper based on Kraft cellulose and on cellulose obtained from soybean husk with 20-nm size SiO2 nanoparticles and to study hydrophobicity, morphology and topography of the prepared composites. Few relevant patents to the topic have been reviewed and cited.

Methods: The ground and roasted soybean husk was treated with a NaOH, washed and dried. Hydrophobization of paper was carried in aqueous medium by SiO2 addition in weight ratios “paper-SiO2 ” of 0.01-0.05 wt.%, stirring, filtration and drying. The obtained cellulose sheet composites were characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Transmisión Electron Microscopy (TEM), FTIRspectroscopy, Mullen proofs of hydrophobicity, and contact angle measurements.

Results: The mechanical properties of paper nanocomposites (tensile strength and compression) increased considerably by varying the concentrations. The tensile strength increased by 41-46% and the compressive strength increased by 55-56%. The existence of fiber nanofoils, good adhesion of 20-nm SiO2 nanoparticles to the paper surface, and their homogeneous distribution were observed.

Conclusion: Cellulose was successfully obtained from soybean husk, applying the alkaline-based extraction method. A good reinforcement of cellulose fibers is observed due to the outstanding characteristics of the silicon dioxide nanoparticles.

Keywords: Spray pyrolysis, carbon nanotubes, phthalocyanines, raman spectroscopy, TEM, SEM.

Iijima S. Helical Microtubes of Graphitic Carbon. Nature 1991; 354: 56-8.
Rueckes T, Kim K, Joselevich E, Tseng GY, Cheung CL, Lieber CM. Carbon nanotube-based nonvolatile random access memory for molecular computing. Science 2000; 289(5476): 94-7.
[] [PMID: 10884232]
Saito S. Carbon Nanotubes for Next-Generation Electronics Devices. Science 1997; 278: 77-8.
Prasek J, Drbohlavova J. Methods for carbon nanotubes synthesis—review. J Mater Chem 2011; 21: 15872-84.
Liu J, Shao M, Chen X, Yu W, Liu X, Qian Y. Large-scale synthesis of carbon nanotubes by an ethanol thermal reduction process. J Am Chem Soc 2003; 125(27): 8088-9.
[] [PMID: 12837063]
Hornbostel B, Haluska M, Cech J, Dettlaff U, Roth S. Arc discharge and laser ablation synthesis of singlewalled carbon nanotubesCarbon Nanotubes. Springer 2006; pp. 1-18.
He JH, Kong HY, Yang RR, et al. Review on fiber morphology obtained by the bubble electrospinning and Blown bubble spinning. Therm Sci 2012; 16: 1263-79.
Meng Y, Xin G, Nam J, Cho SM, Chae H. Electrospray deposition of carbon nanotube thin films for flexible transparent electrodes. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2013; 13(9): 6125-9.
[] [PMID: 24205613]
Chen SY, Miao HY, Lue JT, Ouyang MS. Fabrication and field emission property studies of multiwall carbon nanotubes. J Phys D Appl Phys 2004; 37: 273-9.
Jasek O, Synek P, Zajıckova L, Elias M, Kudrle V. Synthesis of carbon nanostructures by plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition at atmospheric pressure. J Electr Eng 2010; 61(5): 311-3.
Aguilar-Elguézabal A, Wilber Antúnez GA, et al. Study of carbon nanotubes synthesis by spray pyrolysis and model of growth. Diamond Related Materials 2006; 15(9): 1329-35.
Annu A, Bhattacharya B, Singh PK, Shukla PK, Rhee HW. J Alloys Compd 2017; 691: 970-82.
Sathiskumar C, Karthikeyan S, Roddatis V, Karthik M. Facile and large scale fabrication of thick walled carbon nanotubes by using waste tire pyrolysis oil as carbon feedstock. Mater Focus 2015; 4: 307-12.
Parasuram B, Sundaram S, Sathiskumar CS, Karthikeyan S. Synthesis of multi-walled carbon nanotubes using tire pyrolysis oil as a carbon precursor by spray pyrolysis method. Inorg Nano-Met Chem 2018; 48: 103-6.
Nilson K, Ahlund J, Shariati M, et al. Rubidium Doped Metal-Free Phthalocyanine Monolayer Structures on Au(111). J Phys Chem C 2010; 114: 12166-72.
Das S, Magut PKS, Zhao L, et al. Multimodal theranostic nanomaterials derived from phthalocyanine-based organic salt. RSC Advances 2015; 5: 30227-33.
Gottfried JM. Surface chemistry of porphyrins and phthalocyanines. Surf Sci Rep 2015; 70(3): 259-79.
Mani V, Devasenathipathy R, Chen SM, Gu JA, Huang ST. Synthesis and characterization of graphene-cobalt phthalocyanines and graphene-iron phthalocyanine composites and their enzymatic fuel cell application. Renew Energy 2015; 74: 867-74.
Wang Y, Chen HZ, Li HY, Wang M. Fabrication of carbon nanotubes/copper phthalocyanine composites with improved compatibility. Mater Sci Eng B 2005; 117(3): 296-301.
Kharissova OV, Dias HVR, Kharisov BI, Jiang J. Preparation of carbon nano-onions by the low-temperature unfolding of MWCNTs via interaction with theraphthal. RSC Advances 2015; 5: 57764-70.
Martina M, Portela FS. Method and device for depositing carbon nanotubes or nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes by means of pyrolysis Chinese Patent CN1678523A 2005.
Someya M, Fujii T, Hirata M, Horiuchi S. Process for producing aligned carbon nanotube films US6967013B2 2005.
Chen Z, Wu W, Liang X, et al. Preparation method of tetrafluoropropoxy-substituted metal phthalocyanine/ carbon nanotube composite material. Chinese Patent CN103787302B 2014
Chen Z, Wu W, Liang X, et al. In-situ preparation method of zinc phthalocyanine/carbon nanotube composite catalyst based on solvothermal method CN104959166A, 2015
Liu J, Yuan Z, Huang S. Metal phthalocyanine/carbon nano tube composite catalyst and its preparation method and lithium/thinly chloride battery using the catalyst. Chinese Patent CN101507930A, 2009
Chen G, Huang S. Preparation of electrochemical sensor by loading metal phthalocy-anine on carbon nanotube fiber Chinese Patent CN107247081A 2017.
Dresselhaus MS, Dresselhaus G, Jorio A, Souza Filho AG, Saito R. Raman spectroscopy on isolated single wall carbon nanotubes. Carbon 2002; 40: 2043-61.
Temple PA, Hathaway CE. Multiphonon Raman Spectrum of Silicon. Phys Rev B 1973; 7: 3685-97.
Sarah Mohlala M, Liu XY, Robinson JM, Coville NJ. Organometallic Precursors for Use as Catalysts in Carbon Nanotube Synthesis. Organometallics 2005; 24(5): 9726.
Teo KBK, Singh C, Chhowalla M, Milne WI. Catalytic synthesis of carbon nanotubes and nanofibers 2003.

Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

Year: 2019
Page: [129 - 138]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1872210513666190703120844
Price: $58

Article Metrics

PDF: 19