Background: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a potentially blinding disorder that
commonly afflicts premature infants who are born prior to 31weeks of gestation or with a body
weight less than 1250 grams (about 2.75 pounds). Another risk factor is excessive oxygen in incubators,
which can lead to blindness. A compounding factor is that survival rates for premature infants
are rising with concomitantly more cases of ROP.
We have reported an unsuspected intrinsic property of melanin to dissociate water. This capability
can be considered an alternative treatment option for adult and neonatal diseases. It is known that exogenous
surfactant administration suppresses bronchopulmonary dysplasia and consequent death,
randomized, controlled trials with various respiratory interventions did not show any significant reductions
in morbidity and mortality rates.
During a descriptive study about the three leading causes of blindness in the world, the ability of
melanin to transform light energy into chemical energy through the dissociation of water molecule
was unraveled. Initially, during 2 or 3 years; we tried to link together our findings with the widely
accepted metabolic pathways already described in molecular pathway databases, which have been
developed to collect and organize the current knowledge on metabolism scattered across a multitude
of scientific evidence.
Observations: The current report demonstrates the main problems that afflict premature babies with
an emphasis on the growth of abnormal vessels in the retina, the explanation for which is unknown
until date. We also reported a case of a baby who suffered digestive and respiratory problems with a
brain haemorrhage that was successfully treated by laser photocoagulation. We hypothesise that most
likely this effect was due to the melanin level and melanin itself produces oxygen via dissociating
with water molecules.
Conclusion: We postulate that the intrinsic effect of melanin may easily convert visible and invisible
light into chemical energy via a water dissociation reaction similar to the one in plant’s chlorophyll,
and markedly elevated with diagnosis and treatment of the complications related to premature babies.