Chemistry and Effects of Brainstem Acting Drugs

Author(s): Saganuwan Alhaji Saganuwan*.

Journal Name: Central Nervous System Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
(Formerly Current Medicinal Chemistry - Central Nervous System Agents)

Volume 19 , Issue 3 , 2019

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: Brain is the most sensitive organ, whereas brainstem is the most important part of Central Nervous System (CNS). It connects the brain and the spinal cord. However, a myriad of drugs and chemicals affects CNS with severe resultant effects on the brainstem.

Methods: In view of this, a number of literature were assessed for information on the most sensitive part of brain, drugs and chemicals that act on the brainstem and clinical benefit and risk assessment of such drugs and chemicals.

Results: Findings have shown that brainstem regulates heartbeat, respiration and because it connects the brain and spinal cord, all the drugs that act on the spinal cord may overall affect the systems controlled by the spinal cord and brain. The message is sent and received by temporal lobe, occipital lobe, frontal lobe, parietal lobe and cerebellum.

Conclusion: Hence, the chemical functional groups of the brainstem and drugs acting on brainstem are complementary, and may produce either stimulation or depression of CNS.

Keywords: Brainstem, cerebropathy, death, drug, spinal cord, toxicant.

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VOLUME: 19
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2019
Page: [180 - 186]
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DOI: 10.2174/1871524919666190620164355
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