Epigenetic Modification in Macrophages: A Promising Target for Tumor and Inflammation-associated Disease Therapy

Author(s): Pei Sun , Shu-Jing Zhang , Semenov Maksim , Yong-Fang Yao* , Hong-Min Liu* , Juan Du* .

Journal Name: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 19 , Issue 15 , 2019

Become EABM
Become Reviewer

Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Macrophages are essential for supporting tissue homeostasis, regulating immune response, and promoting tumor progression. Due to its heterogeneity, macrophages have different phenotypes and functions in various tissues and diseases. It is becoming clear that epigenetic modification playing an essential role in determining the biological behavior of cells. In particular, changes of DNA methylation, histone methylation and acetylation regulated by the corresponding epigenetic enzymes, can directly control macrophages differentiation and change their functions under different conditions. In addition, epigenetic enzymes also have become anti-tumor targets, such as HDAC, LSD1, DNMT, and so on. In this review, we presented an overview of the latest progress in the study of macrophages phenotype and function regulated by epigenetic modifications, including DNA methylation and histone modifications, to better understand how epigenetic modification controls macrophages phenotype and function in inflammation-associated diseases, and the application prospect in anti-tumor.

Keywords: Macrophages, Epigenetics, Inflammation, Activation, Histone, Methylation, Acetylation.

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VOLUME: 19
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Year: 2019
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DOI: 10.2174/1568026619666190619143706
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