Antimicrobial Peptides - Small but Mighty Weapons for Plants to Fight Phytopathogens

Author(s): Kaushik Das, Karabi Datta, Subhasis Karmakar, Swapan K. Datta*.

Journal Name: Protein & Peptide Letters

Volume 26 , Issue 10 , 2019

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Antimicrobial Peptides (AMPs) have diverse structures, varied modes of actions, and can inhibit the growth of a wide range of pathogens at low concentrations. Plants are constantly under attack by a wide range of phytopathogens causing massive yield losses worldwide. To combat these pathogens, nature has armed plants with a battery of defense responses including Antimicrobial Peptides (AMPs). These peptides form a vital component of the two-tier plant defense system. They are constitutively expressed as part of the pre-existing first line of defense against pathogen entry. When a pathogen overcomes this barrier, it faces the inducible defense system, which responds to specific molecular or effector patterns by launching an arsenal of defense responses including the production of AMPs. This review emphasizes the structural and functional aspects of different plant-derived AMPs, their homology with AMPs from other organisms, and how their biotechnological potential could generate durable resistance in a wide range of crops against different classes of phytopathogens in an environmentally friendly way without phenotypic cost.

Keywords: Antibacterial, antifungal, antimicrobial peptides, disease resistance, plant biotechnology, transgenic plants.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 26
ISSUE: 10
Year: 2019
Page: [720 - 742]
Pages: 23
DOI: 10.2174/0929866526666190619112438
Price: $65

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