Split Hand Foot Malformation Syndrome: A Novel Heterozygous FGFR1 Mutation Detected by Next Generation Sequencing

Author(s): ​Panayiota Papasozomenou*, ​Ioannis Papoulidis, ​Themistoklis Mikos, ​Menelaos Zafrakas.

Journal Name: Current Genomics

Volume 20 , Issue 3 , 2019

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Abstract:

Background: Split-hand/foot malformation syndrome is a rare, clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of limb malformations characterized by absence/hypoplasia and/or median cleft of hands and/or feet. It may occur as an isolated abnormality or it may be associated with a genetic syndrome.

Case Report: In the present case, isolated split-hand/split-foot malformation was diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound at 24 weeks in a male singleton fetus, with deep median cleft of the right hand, syndactyly and hypoplasia of phalanges in both hands, and oligodactyly of the right foot. During consultation, the father of the fetus revealed that he also had an isolated right foot dysplasia. The parents chose elective termination and autopsy confirmed prenatal ultrasound findings. Genetic testing of the aborted fetus with QF-PCR analysis for common aneuploidies and array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) showed a male genomic pattern, without aneuploidies or chromosomal imbalances. Further investigation with next generation sequencing of 49 clinically relevant genes revealed a novel heterozygous FGFR1 mutation c.787_789del (p.Ala263del) in the fetus; the father was heterozygous to the same mutation.

Conclusion: A novel heterozygous FGFR1 mutation causing split-hand/foot malformation syndrome is reported. Accurate genetic diagnosis allowed detailed counseling to be provided to the couple, including the underlying cause, recurrence risks, and detailed management plan with preimplantation genetic diagnosis for future pregnancies.

Keywords: Split-hand/foot malformation, limb malformations, prenatal diagnosis, next generation sequencing, FGFR1, novel mutation.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 20
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2019
Page: [226 - 230]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/1389202920666190530092856
Price: $58

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