Background: We aimed to assess Vitamin D levels in patients with Type 1 Diabetes (T1D)
and to investigate the correlation between vitamin D and metabolic imbalance.
Material and Methods: For our study, we selected thirty-one patients with T1D without complications
and fifty-seven healthy controls. Diabetic patients were diagnosed using the criteria of the World
Health Organization/American Diabetes Association. Vitamin D, Parathyroid Hormone (PTH), insulin
and C peptide assay were performed using chimilunescence. Glucose level, lipid profile, glycated
haemoglobin (HbA1c) and ionogram were also analysed.
Results: Vitamin D, HbA1c and Gly levels were found to be significant in T1D patients than in controls
(P<0.5). However, for PTH, no significant difference was observed (P > 0. 05) and the results
show a non-significant difference of total cholesterol potassium, sodium, phosphor and calcium concentration
Conclusion: Our results indicate that the deficiency of VD is associated with an increased risk of
T1DM in Algerian population.