Impact Behaviour Of Hybrid Bandage Casts

Author(s): C.K. Agisparayan, K.O. Low*, S.T. Lim, K.J. Wong.

Journal Name: Innovations in Corrosion and Materials Science
Formerly Recent Patents on Corrosion Science

Volume 9 , Issue 1 , 2019

Become EABM
Become Reviewer

Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: Many studies were done to assess the mechanical characteristics of the bandage casts with regards to different specifications of materials under different parameters. Many patents have been designed on the various types of casting materials such as POP, fiberglass and polyester. A recent trend in the patent is to explore a hybrid combination for bandage casts to withstand structural failure, crack formation or deformation.

Objective: This study aims to study the effect of impact force on plaster of Paris, fiberglass and hybrid bandage casts.

Methods: There different bandage casts were constructed using plaster of Paris, fiberglass and a hybrid combination of plaster of Paris and fiberglass. They were subjected to Charpy impact test, three-point flexural test, and Rockwell B hardness test.

Results: The impact characteristics, energy absorption properties, ductility, rigidity, strength, stiffness and indentation hardness of the hybrid bandage cast were found to be greatly influenced from being a composite of two casts and interfaces. It was found that the impact energy capable of being absorbed prior to fracture for the plaster of Paris, fiberglass and hybrid were 1.225 Joules, 11.125 Joules and 6.750 Joules, respectively.

Conclusion: Hybrid bandage casts possessed improved impact characteristics compared to plaster of Paris bandage casts and more cost-effectiveness as compared to fiberglass bandage casts.

Keywords: Bandage casts, fiberglass, flexural, hybrid, impact characteristics, plaster of Paris.

[1]
D. Barlow, R. Bansal, T. Barlow, S.J. Rhee, J.H. Kuiper, and N.K. Makwana, "Effect of cotton padding on the setting properties of plaster slabs", Ann. R. Coll. Surg. Engl., vol. 95, no. 2, pp. 107-109, 2013.
[2]
T. Stewart, W. Cheong, V. Barr, and D. Tang, "Strong and light plaster casts?", Injury, vol. 40, no. 8, pp. 890-893, 2009.
[3]
A.J. Parmar, S.K. Tyagi, V.S. Dabas, J.N. Mistry, S.K. Jhala, D.N. Suthar, R.H. Bhatt, D.V. Pansuria, and I.M. Bhatti, "Assessment of the physical and mechanical properties of plaster of Paris bandage cast used as a splinting and casting materials", Vet. World, vol. 7, no. 12, pp. 1123-1126, 2014.
[4]
T.M. Philbin, and M.E. Gittins, "Hybrid casts: a comparison of different casting materials", J. Am. Osteopath. Assoc., vol. 99, no. 6, pp. 311-312, 1999.
[5]
M.S. Cohen, and T. Frillman, "Distal radius fractures: a prospective randomized comparison of fibreglass tape with QuickCast", Injury, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 305-309, 1997.
[6]
S.W. Cutler, “Clinically evaluatiang the strength, durability and comfort of polyester casting tape as an alternative to fiberglass tape”, J Natl Assoc Orthop Technol., J Natl Assoc Orthop Technol, 2002, pp. 10-15.
[7]
K.L. Kowalski, J.D. Pitcher Jr, and B. Bickley, "Evaluation of fiberglass versus plaster of Paris for immobilization of fractures of the arm and leg", Mil. Med., vol. 167, no. 8, pp. 657-661, 2002.
[8]
C.A. Haley, E.S. DeJong, J.A. Ward, and J.F. Kragh Jr, "Waterproof versus cotton cast liners: a randomized, prospective comparison", Am. J. Orthop., vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 137-140, 2006.
[9]
H. Selesnick, "A more comfortable cast? A trial of a waterproof liner", Physician Sportsmed., vol. 21, 1993, no. 5, pp. 106-116, .
[10]
H. Selesnick, and G. Griffiths, "A waterproof cast liner earns high marks", Phys. Sportsmed., vol. 25, no. 9, pp. 67-74, . 1997
[11]
E.G. Shannon, R. DiFazio, J. Kasser, L. Karlin, and P. Gerbino, "Waterproof casts for immobilization of children’s fractures and sprains", J. Pediatr. Orthop., vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 56-59, 2005.
[12]
Connor H.Mullett, M. Doyle, A. Mofidi, S. Kutty, and and M. O ’sullivan, "Minimally displaced colles’ fractures: a prospective randomized trial of treatment with a wrist splint or a plaster cast", J. Hand Surg. Am., vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 50-53, 2003.
[13]
A.C. Plint, J.J. Perry, R. Correll, I. Gaboury, and L. Lawton, "A randomized, controlled trial of removable splinting versus casting for wrist buckle fractures in children", Pediatrics, vol. 117, no. 3, pp. 691-697, 2006.
[14]
A.P. Cohen, and D.L. Shaw, "Focused rigidity casting: a prospective randomised study", J. R. Coll. Surg. Edinb., vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 265-270, 2001.
[15]
G.C. Vieira, R.I. Barbosa, A.M. Marcolino, A.C. Shimano, V.M.C. Elui, and M.C.R. Fonseca, "Influence of the number of layers of paris bandage plasters on the mechanical properties speciments used on orthopedic splints", Rev Bras Fisioter, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 380-385, 2011.
[16]
R. Wytch, C.B. Mitchell, D. Wardlaw, W.M. Ledingham, and I.K. Ritchie, "Mechanical assessment of polyurethane impregnated fibreglass bandages for splinting", Prosthet. Orthot. Int., vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 128-134, 1987.
[17]
A.T. Berman, and B.G. Parks, "A comparison of the mechanical properties of fiberglass cast materials and their clinical relevance", J. Orthop. Trauma, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 85-92, 1990.
[18]
M.N. Charles, and D. Yen, "Properties of a hybrid plaster-fibreglass cast", Can. J. Surg., vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 365-367, 2000.
[19]
"ISO, "ISO 179-1 - Plastics - Determination of Charpy impact properties - Part 1: Non-instrumented impact test",", 122, 2010
[20]
""D790-03-Standard test method for flexural properties of unreinforced and reinforced plastics and electrical insulation materials",", Annu. Book ASTM Stand., vol. 08, no. 01, pp. 1-11, . 2015
[21]
"D785-03-Standard test method for Rockwell hardness of plastics and electrical insulating", Annu. Book ASTM Stand., vol. 08, no. 01, pp. 1-6, 2008.
[22]
A.M.T. Arifin, S. Abdullah, M. Rafiquzzaman, R. Zulkifli, D.A. Wahab, and A.K. Arifin, "Investigation of the behaviour of a chopped strand mat/woven roving/foam-Klegecell composite lamination structure during Charpy testing", Mater. Des., vol. 59, pp. 475-485, 2014.
[23]
P.D. Marshall, A.K. Dibble, T.H. Walters, and D. Lewis, "When should a synthetic casting material be used in preference to plaster-of-Paris? A cost analysis and guidance for casting departments", Injury, vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 542-544, 1992.
[24]
A. Esmanhotto, and G. Esmanhotto, "Original article: A simple idea for reducing the cost and weight of plaster-cast orthoses", Rev. Bras. Ortop., vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 17-21, 2013.
[25]
A. Dasari, Z.Z. Yu, and Y.W. Mai, "“Fundamental aspects and recent progress on wear/scratch damage in polymer nanocomposites”, Mater. Sci. Eng", R Rep., vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 31-80, 2009.
[26]
M. Haftani, B. Bohloli, A. Nouri, M.R.M. Javan, and M. Moosavi, "Size effect in strength assessment by indentation testing on rock fragments", Int. J. Rock Mech. Min. Sci., vol. 65, pp. 141-148, 2014.


Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

VOLUME: 9
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2019
Page: [66 - 73]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/2352094909666190524113311

Article Metrics

PDF: 9
HTML: 2
EPUB: 1
PRC: 1