Background: The amalgamation of biological sciences with nano stuff has significantly
expedited the progress of biological strategies, greatly promoting practical applications
in biomedical fields.
Objective: With distinct optical attributes (e.g., robust photostability, restricted emission
spectra, tunable broad excitation, and high quantum output), fluorescent quantum dots
(QDs) have been feasibly functionalized with manageable interfaces and considerably utilized
as a new class of optical probe in biological investigations.
Methods: In this review article, we structured the current advancements in the preparation
methods and attributes of QDs. Furthermore, we extend an overview of the outstanding potential
of QDs for biomedical research and radical approaches to drug delivery.
Conclusion: Notably, the applications of QDs as smart next-generation nanosystems for
neuroscience and pharmacokinetic studies have been explained. Moreover, recent interests
in the potential toxicity of QDs are also apprised, ranging from cell investigations to animal