The traditional drug delivery techniques are unresponsive to the altering metabolic
states of the body and fail to achieve target specific drug delivery, which results in
toxic plasma concentrations. In order to harmonize the drug release profiles, diverse biological
and pathological pathways and factors involved have been studied and consequently,
nanomaterials and nanostructures are engineered in a manner so that they respond and
interact with the target cells and tissues in a controlled manner to induce promising pharmacological
responses with least undesirable effects. The bioinspired nanoparticles such as
carbon nanotubes, metallic nanoparticles, and quantum dots sense the localized host environment
for diagnosis and treatment of pathological states. These biocompatible polymeric-
based nanostructures bind drugs to the specific receptors, which renders them as ideal
vehicles for the delivery of drugs and gene. The ultimate goal of bioinspired nanocomposites
is to achieve personalized diagnostic and therapeutic outcomes. This review briefly
discussed current trends; role, recent advancements as well as different approaches, which
are being used for designing and fabrication of some bioinspired nanocarriers.
Keywords: Bioinspired nanocarriers, biomimetics, carbon nano tubes, nanomaterials, polymers, quantum dots.
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