Recent advancement in the field of synthesis and application of nanomaterials
provided holistic approach for both diagnosis as well as treatment of diseases.
Briefly, three-dimensional scaffold and geometry of bioinspired nanocarriers
modulate bulk properties of loaded drug at molecular/ atomic structures in
a way to conjointly modulate pathological as well as altered metabolic states of
diseases, in very predictable and desired manners at a specific site of the target.
While, from the pharmacotechnical point of views, the bioinspired nanotechnology
processes carriers either favor to enhance the solubility of poorly aqueous soluble
drugs or enable well-controlled sustained release profiles, to reduce the frequency
of drug regimen. Consequently, from biopharmaceutical point of view, these composite
materials, not only minimize first pass metabolism but also significantly enhance
in-vivo biodistribution, permeability, bio-adhesion and diffusivity. In lieu of
the above arguments, the nano-processed materials exhibit an important role for
diagnosis and treatments. In the diagnostic center, recent emergences and advancement
in the tools and techniques to diagnose the unrevealed diseases with the
help of instruments such as, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging
etc; heavily depend upon nanotechnology-based materials. In this paper, a brief introduction
and recent application of different types of nanomaterials in the field of
tissue engineering, cancer treatment, ocular therapy, orthopedics, and wound healing
as well as drug delivery system are thoroughly discussed.