Background: The relationship between obesity and hypertension has been established in
both adults and children. The combination of obesity, hypertension and other cardiovascular risk
factors significantly increases the likelihood of adverse cardiovascular effects and raises concerns
about aggressive treatment strategies.
Objective: Despite the impressive elements which indicate an important role for excessive weight
gain in increasing blood pressure, not all obese patients are hypertensive. A subgroup of obese people
may not develop hypertension. Furthermore, masked hypertension occurs more common among
obese patients, and body fat distribution has a major role in the development of hypertension.
Methods: We conducted a research of the relevant literature regarding obesity-induced hypertension
and possible treatment strategies.
Results: Successful weight loss is correlated with blood pressure reduction and requires a
multidisciplinary approach that includes personalized dietary interventions combined with regular
exercise and cognitive behavioral therapy.
Conclusion: Pharmacological therapy may be considered as part of a comprehensive obesity management
strategy. More research and new treatment therapies are required in this field.