Inhibition of SOX15 Sensitizes Esophageal Squamous Carcinoma Cells to Paclitaxel

Author(s): Ming Zhang, Jianying Wang, Tianwei Gao, Xin Chen, Yan Xu, Xiaoting Yu, Xianyang Guo, Rong Zhuang, Ziwei Li, Hongjin Wu*, Juehua Yu*.

Journal Name: Current Molecular Medicine

Volume 19 , Issue 5 , 2019

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Abstract:

Background: SOX15 is a crucial transcription factor involved in the regulation of embryonic development and in the cell fate determination. It is also an important mediator of tumorigenesis in cancer.

Methods: Here, we sought to explore the expression patterns and biological functions of SOX15 in esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCC). SOX15 was found aberrantly overexpressed in ESCC tumors.

Results: Experimentally, inhibition of SOX15 through RNAi suppressed cell proliferation in ESCC cells and sensitized cancer cells to paclitaxel, but not to Cisplatin. Moreover, inhibition of SOX15 significantly repressed the expression of genes associated with WNT and NOTCH signaling pathways, which may contribute to the increased sensitivity to paclitaxel.

Conclusion: In conclusion, the current study revealed that inhibition of SOX15 in ESCC cells sensitizes the ESCC cells to paclitaxel, suggesting that the SOX15 expression level may predict the therapeutic outcomes for paclitaxel treatment for ESCC.

Keywords: SOX15, ESCC, Paclitaxel, RNAi, WNT, NOTCH.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 19
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2019
Page: [349 - 356]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1566524019666190405121139
Price: $65

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