Assessment of the Effect of Baicalin on Duck Virus Hepatitis

Author(s): Yun Chen, Fangke Yao, Ke Ming, Jintong Shi, Ling Zeng, Deyun Wang, Yi Wu, Yuanliang Hu, Jiaguo Liu*.

Journal Name: Current Molecular Medicine

Volume 19 , Issue 5 , 2019

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Abstract:

Background: Duck virus hepatitis (DVH) caused by duck hepatitis A virus type 1 (DHAV-1) is a malignant disease in ducklings, causing economic losses in the duck industry. However, there is still no antiviral drug against DHAV-1 in the clinic.

Objective: Our aim is to investigate the anti-DHAV-1 effect of baicalin, which is a flavonoid derived from the Chinese medicinal herb huangqin (Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi).

Methods: Here, we first detected its anti-DHAV-1 ability in vitro and in vivo. At the same time, the inhibition of baicalin on DHAV-1 reproduction was determined. Finally, we tested and verified the anti-oxidative and immuno-enhancing roles of baicalin on its curative effect on DVH.

Results: Baicalin possessed anti-DHAV-1 effect. It improved the cytoactive of DEH which was infected by DHAV-1 as well as reduced the DHAV-1 reproduction in DEH. Under baicalin treatment, mortality of ducklings infected by DHAV-1 decreased, additionally the DHAV-1 level and liver injury in such ducklings were significantly reduced or alleviated. The in vitro mechanism study indicated baicalin inhibited DHAV-1 reproduction via interfering the viral replication and release. Furthermore, the in vivo mechanism study manifested both the anti-oxidative and immuno-enhancing abilities of baicalin, which played crucial roles in its curative effect on DVH.

Conclusion: This study may provide a scientific basis for developing baicalin as one or a part of the anti-DHAV-1 drugs.

Keywords: DHAV-1, baicalin, antiviral, virus reproduction, anti-oxidative, immuno-enhancing.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 19
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2019
Page: [376 - 386]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1566524019666190405095301
Price: $58

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