Background: There has been an increasing interest in the past several decades to study
the relationship between spirituality and religion with physical and mental health as well as the various
quality of life measures. This trend has led to the creation of an area of study called epidemiology
of religion and spirituality. The policy shifts at various levels, in the mental health field, has
occurred as well to educate healthcare providers, and address patients’ spiritual /religious needs in
clinical settings. Despite these advances in research and policy shift, there is still some resistance in
the health care community to assess and address the spiritual needs of patients in clinical settings.
Objective: The objective is to review the published articles on spirituality/religion and its relationship
with mental and physical wellbeing and discuss limitations of such research. The review articles
on assessment and interventions to address spiritual or religious needs in clinical settings were
Methods: Author conducted a literature search using books@Ovid, Journals@Ovid Full Text, Your
Journals@Ovid, Ovid MEDLINE® 1946 to January week 4 2019, Ovid Medline® and Epub Ahead
of Print, In-Process& Other Non-Indexed Citations and Daily without Revisions 2015-January 28,
2019; Ovid MD and Psychiatry Online.
Results: A total of 1,040 articles were identified using keywords spirituality, religion, mental health,
physical health, psychological well-being, healthy beliefs, psychopathological beliefs and quality of
life. The search result included original research papers, review articles and commentaries.
Conclusion: The review articles were narrowed to 100 articles based on relevance to the objectives
outlined above. Seventy-five articles were referenced at the end.