Spirituality and Religion-Relevance and Assessment in the Clinical Setting

Author(s): Ishrat J. Khan*.

Journal Name: Current Psychiatry Research and Reviews

Volume 15 , Issue 2 , 2019

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Abstract:

Background: There has been an increasing interest in the past several decades to study the relationship between spirituality and religion with physical and mental health as well as the various quality of life measures. This trend has led to the creation of an area of study called epidemiology of religion and spirituality. The policy shifts at various levels, in the mental health field, has occurred as well to educate healthcare providers, and address patients’ spiritual /religious needs in clinical settings. Despite these advances in research and policy shift, there is still some resistance in the health care community to assess and address the spiritual needs of patients in clinical settings.

Objective: The objective is to review the published articles on spirituality/religion and its relationship with mental and physical wellbeing and discuss limitations of such research. The review articles on assessment and interventions to address spiritual or religious needs in clinical settings were also included.

Methods: Author conducted a literature search using books@Ovid, Journals@Ovid Full Text, Your Journals@Ovid, Ovid MEDLINE® 1946 to January week 4 2019, Ovid Medline® and Epub Ahead of Print, In-Process& Other Non-Indexed Citations and Daily without Revisions 2015-January 28, 2019; Ovid MD and Psychiatry Online.

Results: A total of 1,040 articles were identified using keywords spirituality, religion, mental health, physical health, psychological well-being, healthy beliefs, psychopathological beliefs and quality of life. The search result included original research papers, review articles and commentaries.

Conclusion: The review articles were narrowed to 100 articles based on relevance to the objectives outlined above. Seventy-five articles were referenced at the end.

Keywords: Spirituality, religion, assessment, mental health, physical health, well-being, quality of life measures, healthy believes, psychopathological believes.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2019
Page: [80 - 87]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1573400515666190404143104

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