Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating event, and there are still no effective therapies currently available. Neural stem cells (NSCs) have gained increasing attention as promising regenerative therapy of SCI. NSCs based therapies of various neural diseases in animal models and clinical trials have been widely investigated. In this review we aim to summarize the development and recent progress in the application of NSCs in cell transplantation therapy for SCI. After brief introduction on sequential genetic steps regulating spinal cord development in vivo, we describe current experimental approaches for neural induction of NSCs in vitro. In particular, we focus on NSCs induced from pluripotent stem cells (PSCs). Finally, we highlight recent progress on the NSCs, which show great promise in the application to regeneration therapy for SCI.
Keywords: , Spinal cord injury, neural induction, neural stem cell, pluripotent stem cell
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