One-year Follow-up Study of Hippocampal Subfield Atrophy in Alzheimer's Disease and Normal Aging

Author(s): Nuwan Madusanka , Heung-Kook Choi* , Jae-Hong So , Boo-Kyeong Choi , Hyeon Gyun Park .

Journal Name: Current Medical Imaging

Volume 15 , Issue 7 , 2019

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: In this study, we investigated the effect of hippocampal subfield atrophy on the development of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) by analyzing baseline magnetic resonance images (MRI) and images collected over a one-year follow-up period. Previous studies have suggested that morphological changes to the hippocampus are involved in both normal ageing and the development of AD. The volume of the hippocampus is an authentic imaging biomarker for AD. However, the diverse relationship of anatomical and complex functional connectivity between different subfields implies that neurodegenerative disease could lead to differences between the atrophy rates of subfields. Therefore, morphometric measurements at subfield-level could provide stronger biomarkers.

Methods: Hippocampal subfield atrophies are measured using MRI scans, taken at multiple time points, and shape-based normalization to a Montreal neurological institute (MNI) ICBM 152 nonlinear atlas. Ninety subjects were selected from the Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI), and divided equally into Healthy Controls (HC), AD, and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) groups. These subjects underwent serial MRI studies at three time-points: baseline, 6 months and 12 months.

Results: We analyzed the subfield-level hippocampal morphometric effects of normal ageing and AD based on radial distance mapping and volume measurements. We identified a general trend and observed the largest hippocampal subfield atrophies in the AD group. Atrophy of the bilateral CA1, CA2- CA4 and subiculum subfields was higher in the case of AD than in MCI and HC. We observed the highest rate of reduction in the total volume of the hippocampus, especially in the CA1 and subiculum regions, in the case of MCI.

Conclusion: Our findings show that hippocampal subfield atrophy varies among the three study groups.

Keywords: Alzheimer's disease, hippocampal, subfield atrophy, biomarker, mild cognitive impairment, normal aging, neurodegenerative diseases, radial distance.

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VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 7
Year: 2019
Page: [699 - 709]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1573405615666190327102052
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