Elevated Plasma Level of D-dimer Predicts the High Risk of Early Cognitive Impairment in Type 2 Diabetic Patients as Carotid Artery Plaques become Vulnerable or Get Aggravated

Author(s): Jiaqi Wang, Rong Huang, Sai Tian, Hongyan Lin, Dan Guo, Ke An, Shaohua Wang*.

Journal Name: Current Alzheimer Research

Volume 16 , Issue 5 , 2019

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Background and Objective: D-dimer prompts fibrinolysis system, which is involved in Alzheimer’s disease and the complications of type 2 diabetic patients, especially among those with carotid artery plaques. Hence, this study aims to investigate the role of D-dimer in early cognitive impairment among type 2 diabetic patients with carotid artery plaques.

Methods: A total of 175 Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes were recruited and divided into two groups according to the Montreal Cognitive Assessment score. Demographic data were collected, plasma D-dimer was tested through VIDAS D-dimer New, neuropsychological tests were examined, and carotid artery plaques were detected by ultrasound and further stratified by vulnerability and level.

Results: A total of 67 types 2 diabetic patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) displayed significantly increased plasma D-dimer levels compared with their health-cognition controls (p = 0.011). Plasma D-dimer concentration was negatively related with Digit Span Test scores in diabetic patients with vulnerable plaques (r=-0.471, p=0.023) and Stroop Color Word Test C (number) in diabetic patients with stable plaques (r=-0.482, p<0.001). Multivariable regression analysis further showed that D-dimer concentration was an independent factor of diabetic MCI with carotid artery plaque (p=0.005), and D-dimer concentration especially contributed to the high risk of MCI with vulnerable plaques (p=0.028) or high levels of carotid plaque (p=0.023).

Conclusion: Elevated D-dimer level predicts the high risk of early cognitive impairment in type 2 diabetic patients with carotid artery plaques, especially vulnerable plaques or high levels of carotid plaques.

Keywords: Carotid artery plaques, vulnerable plaques, D-dimer, fibrinolysis system, mild cognitive impairment, type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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Year: 2019
Page: [396 - 404]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1567205016666190321164741
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